SecReT6
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T6SS function description

SecReT6 catalogs T6SSs by function including ‘anti-eukaryotic’, ‘anti-bacterial’, and ‘others’ for those whose function has not been characterized or proposed as ‘anti-eukaryotic’ or ‘anti-bacterial’ yet. T6SSs are macromolecular apparatuses deployed as versatile ‘weapons’ to outcompete other bacteria or attack simple or higher eukaryotes. Some T6SSs are known to be involved in the internalization of bacteria into host eukaryotic cells. T6SSs in a broad range of important pathogens have been increasingly implicated in colonization, virulence and eukaryotic cell invasion. And T6SSs have been reported to confer anti-bacterial activities by efficiently targeting competitor bacterial cells through the injection of antibacterial toxins. To date there are limited examples of experimental validation of the biological significance of T6SSs, and many more hypothesized phenomena and models await further exploration.

Known biological Significance of T6SS

Function Number Example
Anti-bacterial
19
Tse (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
Anti-eukaryotic
37
VgrG (Vibrio cholerae)
others
17

T6SSs may participate in one or more biological processes as reported so far.
  Number Examples
Single-function T6SSs
47
Tge (Pseudomonas protegens)
Dual-function T6SSs
9
VasX (Vibrio cholerae)